Biosphere Reservation Schaalsee

 

What are biosphere reservations and what are their intentions?

Biosphere reservation Schaalsee

Do you know what the opulent gardens of Dessau-W├Ârlitz, the Spreewald and the baltic resort of Sellin have in common with the north Norfolk coast in the UK, the northern Carelia in Finland  and the Everglades in the United States? They all are declared biospere reservations, which is a protective categorisation by the UNESCO.

The UNESCO programme "Man And Biosphere" focuses on how mankind can connect the protection of biological diversity, the pursuit of economic and social development and the preservation of cultural values on a sustained basis.

The term biosphere reservation is based on the words "biosphere" (i.e. a living space) and "reservation" (from the latin word reservare which means to conserve something). While national parks focus on the conservation of ecological processes in a large area, biosphere reservations focus on housekeeping mankind.

View on lake Schaalsee near Zarrentin
View on lake Schaalsee near Zarrentin

Nature conservancy is just one part of this task. Agriculture and fishery, forestry and tourism, spacial planning of settlement, transport infrastructure and trade development are to be the basis for a stable livelihood for the inhabitants of a biosphere reservation in line with ecology and the inherent natural beauty.

Biosphere reservations cover the most valuable cultural landscapes worldwide. In 2008, more than 500 biosphere reservations exist in 110 states all over the planet, 13 of these are located in Germany.